The Irony of Creativity:
Original Thinkers Can be
Even more Dishonest
Copyright © 2011 simply by Francesca Gino and Dan Ariely
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Creativity and Dishonesty one particular
Running Head: CREATIVITY AND DISHONESTY
The Dark Side of Creativity: First Thinkers Can be More Fraudulent
Harvard Organization School, Harvard University
Fuqua School of Business, Duke University
The authors considerably appreciate the support and facilities of the Center for Decision Research at the University of North Carolina for Chapel Hill. Address correspondence to [email protected] edu.
Creative imagination and Duplicity 2
Creativity is a common aspiration for people, organizations, and societies. Below, however , we all test if creativity increases dishonesty. We all propose that a creative personality and creativity prime promote individuals' motivation to think outside the box and that this elevated motivation causes unethical habit. In four studies, we all show that participants with creative personalities who obtained high on a test testing divergent considering tended to cheat even more (Study 1); that dispositional creativity is a better predictor of unethical behavior than intelligence (Study 2); and this participants who were primed to think creatively were more likely to act dishonestly for their creativity motivation (Study 3) and higher ability to warrant their fraudulent behavior (Study 4). Finally, a field study constructively replicates these effects and shows that individuals who also work in even more creative positions are also even more morally versatile (Study 5). The benefits provide evidence for a connection between creativity and dishonesty, thus showcasing a dark side of creativeness.
Key words: creativeness, creative thinking, duplicity, intelligence, dishonest behavior
Creative imagination and Corruption 3
" Evil often turns up in this world through a few genius or other. ” - Denis Diderot (1713-1784)
The ability to generate novel suggestions and think creatively about problems is certainly considered a significant skill for those, as well as for organizations and communities. Individuals' innovative problem solving can easily generate new items and services, which, subsequently, create careers for others (Sternberg, 1999a; 1999b). Creative thinking permits people to solve problems efficiently (Mumford & Gustafson, 1988) and also to continue to be flexible (Flach, 1990) in order to cope with the huge benefits, opportunities, technologies, and alterations that are an integral part of their daily lives (Runco, 2004). Societies need fresh inventions, unique scientific results, and novel social programs to advance, and organizations require that they adapt to changing environments and succeed in the market (Oldham & Cummings, mil novecentos e noventa e seis; Goldenberg & Mazursky, 2001; Goldenberg, Mazursky, & Solomon, 1999). The value of creative imagination for equally human progress and adaptation is likely 1 reason why college students across professions have been interested for many decades in understanding how creative thinking happens and how it might be fostered (Simonton, 2003).
Creativity research in psychology has become conducted coming from different points of views (Csikszentmihalyi, 1988; Goldenberg & Mazursky, 2150; Wolfradt & Pretz, 2001). Some operate has centered on evaluating the creativity of goods and successes (e. g., Amabile, 1983; Baer, Kaufman, & Gentile, 2004; Kaufman, Baer, Cole, & Sexton, 2008; Plucker, & Renzulli, 1999); different work has explored the cognitive and motivational processes that lead to creative ideas (e. g., Friedman & Forster, 2001; Hirt, McDonald, & Melton, 1996; Cruz, Ward, & Finke, 1995; Sternberg, 1999a) and the contextual factors that influence imaginative...