A brief history of Linguistics
INSTITUTE OF SOCIABLE SCIENCES
DEPT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (PHD PROGRAM)
DR VEYSEL KILIÇ
HISTORY OF LINGUISTICS
Linguistics like a study undertakings to describe and explain a persons faculty of language. A brief history of linguistics is a subset of intellectual history, for it relates to history of ideas- ideas about language- and not directly with language itself (Law, the year 2003, p. 2). Many chronicles of linguistics have been written over the last two hundred years, and since 1970s linguistic historiography has turned into a specialized subfield. Early improvements in linguistics were regarded part of idea, rhetoric, common sense, psychology, biology, pedagogy, poetics, and religion, making it challenging to separate the of linguistics from mental history generally speaking, and, as a result, work in the history of linguistics has contributed also for the general great ideas.
In historical civilization, linguistic study was originally encouraged by the appropriate description of classical liturgical language, notably that of Sanskrit grammar by simply Panini. Panini is known intended for his Sanskrit grammar, particularly for his formula of the several, 959 rules (of Sanskrit morphology, format and semantics in the sentence structure known as Ashtadhyayi which is one of the earliest noted grammars. Asstadhyayi is the original known work with descriptive linguistics, and stands at the beginning of a history of linguistics itself. Pāini's theory of morphological analysis was heightened than virtually any equivalent Western theory prior to mid-20th 100 years (Staal, 1988 (Staal)), fantastic analysis of noun ingredients still forms the basis of modern linguistic hypotheses of increasing. European scholarship in Sanskrit, begun by simply Heinrich Roth (1620–1668) and Johann Ernst Hanxleden (1681–1731), is regarded as accountable for the finding of the Indo-European language family by Sir William Jones. These students played a crucial role inside the development of traditional western philology, or perhaps historical linguistics. Sir William Jones mentioned that the Sanskrit language, no matter what be their antiquity, is of a wonderful composition; more excellent than the Ancient greek language, more large than the Latin, and more exceptionally refined than either; however bearing to both of them a stronger affinity; both in the roots of verbs and the forms of grammar, than could possibly have been produced by crash; so good, indeed, that no philologer could take a look at them all 3, without thinking them to possess sprung by some common source, which, perhaps, has vanished. Based on this, Jones is usually credited with founding comparative linguistics and discovering the partnership among Indo-European languages. With Frederic vonseiten Schlegel, comparison grammar became a continuing focus of historical linguistic studies. Schlegel drew coming from biology and comparative physiology, and utilized the notion of a family tree. Grammatical structure was his main criterion of family relatedness; two dialects were regarded as related only if their ‘inner structure' or ‘comparative grammar' presents specific resemblances (Schlegel 1808: 6-7).
Researchers are not all alike in ability, inspiration, and inspiration. Every practitioner must master his art and grasp the state of his science as it is presented to him when he enters upon it; of course, if it is to continue, some must teach it in turn to others. We know remarkably little about the attitude towards different languages in the Grek period. Herodotus and others estimate and go over foreign words, Plato confesses in the Cratylus dialogue the possibility of the foreign origin of part of the Greek terminology, and we understand the existence of bilingual speakers along with professional interpreters, But of significant interest in the languages themselves among the Greeks there is no evidence; and the Traditional designation of alien speakers, barbaroi, whence our word 'barbarian', to...
References: Law, Vivien. A history of Linguistics in The european countries from Escenario to 1600. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Rees-Miller, Mark Aranoff & Janie. The Handbook of Linguistics. Blackwell, 2006.
Ross, T. D. «Aristotle. » A quick History of Scientific research. London: Oxford, 1941. 116-117.
Staal, Frits. «Euclid and Panini, Philosophy East and West. » (1979).
Watts. Schegell, K. «The Handbook of Linguistics. » Rees-Miller, Mark Aronoff & Janie. History of Linguistics. Heildelberg, 1808. 6-7.