Essay about Turkey ICT

Turkey ICT

Bell (1973), Reich (1991), and Toffler (1980) possess identified many massive changes that present society features undergone, in the agrarian grow older to the professional age, and after this entering into what some call the information grow older (cited in Reigeluth, 1995). These major changes certainly affect modern-day education devices at numerous levels. At the outset of this century, education has faced important challenges. For instance, how to provide high quality of education and training is now an important query to be responded in the 21st century for all human beings who require education and may profit from that in the many cost-effective way. Education software has tried to more than come the challenges by simply developing fresh approaches. Data and communication technology (ICT) has a essential role inside the new approaches as boosting the diffusion of information and helping to meet these problems. From the beginning with the information age, ICT has had a critical function in boosting the quality of education. The position of ICT is to serve education particularly, by aiding students to find out and educators to perform all their teaching occupation more effectively. Because of rapid developments in a short time, ICT has entered the interest aspects of many exercises. The need to incorporate ICT in education has become inescapable, generally because of the regarding the Internet. Through this context, the usage of ICT into education is a critical issue�.  To be able to integrate ICT in primary education curricula and teacher education programs a large number of action programs were implemented and standards were established over the world. While the pace of such developments varies greatly, there is no doubt that all countries of the EUROPEAN UNION (European Union) are now affixing very high concern to ICT in their nationwide educational plans, and trying to adjust the way their education systems will be organized and performance as a result (EURYDICE, 2001a). In the same way, in Chicken, with the Countrywide Education Expansion Project, curricula of tutor education corporations were re-designed to be able to combine ICT and improve the quality of educator education programs (YOK, 1998). Education is the main area of issue governments in all the EU countries and Poultry; however , the structures of education devices show dissimilarities significantly, both in the EU countries and Turkey. In the act of getting started with the EUROPEAN, there is a need for Turkey to reveal the educational guidelines related to the usage of ICT and build up a guide pertaining to these policies. For that reason this examine aims to review the EUROPEAN countries and Turkey in integration of ICT into (1) primary education curricula, and (2) teacher education programs. The EU countries and Turkey have identical characteristics; yet , it is very clear that many features of the EU countries and Turkey vary in terms of demographic and geographical settings, economical conditions, and academic systems. Prior to presenting the results on this study, it is better to clarify the characteristics in the EU countries and Turkey in regard to demographic and geographical settings, financial conditions, and academic systems. Market and Physical Settings:  The EU includes 15 countries and the total land location is a few. 193. 1000 km2 and the population estimate can be 379. 448. 000 persons. Turkey's property area is 770. 000 km2 and the population estimate is 65. 300. 000 persons. Turkey has a land location which is larger than that of each of the 15 the EU member countries exactly where its inhabitants is also greater than those countries but Indonesia (see Table 1). Economical Conditions: Once economy is concerned there are considerable differences among Turkey and the EU countries. The average of Gross Nationwide Income per Capita (GNP) in the EUROPEAN UNION member countries is 24. 463 � where it is only 3. two hundred � in Turkey. Besides all, the PC distribution in Chicken is about thirty-two PCs (personal computer) every 1000 persons where this ratio is 278 Personal computers per a thousand people in the EU member...